Botanical name: Boswellia sp
Other names: Frankincense, Olibanum
Parts used: resin
Frankincense is an aromatic resin derived from trees of the genus: Boswellia, particularly B. sacra (Hojary or Beeyo), B. carterii, , B. frereana (Coptic resin or Maydi), B. papyrifera (Sudanese Frankincense) and B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian Frankincense or Salai).
The highest quality resin is harvested in Ethiopia and Sudan with Somalia accounting for most of the commercial production. The translucent sap naturally exudes or is cut from the bark and hardens into clear teardrop shaped lumps with a yellowish tint known as tears. The resin is available in various grades based on its age, aroma, purity, shape and colour, Generally, the more opaque resins are viewed as being better quality, with Hojari and Silver considered to be the highest grades. When burnt, the resin emits a fragrant odour described as a balsamic lemon scent, with pine undertones.